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European Neighbourhood Policy and Enlargement Negotiations (DG NEAR)

TAIEX and Twinning Highlights: Annual Activity Report 2022

Annual Activity Report 2022


Olivér Várhelyi

Dear Friends of TAIEX and Twinning,

After the Covid-19 pandemic, 2022 was another year of profound change. Russia's aggression against Ukraine has tested the capacities, resilience, and sometimes the limits of existing institutions and our ways of working in Europe and beyond. While coping with the geopolitical challenges, the enlargement process certainly gained new momentum: we opened the accession negotiations with Albania and North Macedonia, Bosnia and Herzegovina was granted candidate status, and visa-free travel was granted to the people of Kosovo. Moreover, as the future of Ukraine, Moldova, and Georgia lies within the European Union, their European perspective was also recognised, and additionally, the status of candidate country to Ukraine and Moldova was granted.

The work of TAIEX and Twinning, our unique peer-to-peer institution-building tools, has remained unwavering, as evidenced by our ongoing projects with Ukraine – where our cooperation has increased despite the challenges. Overall, we achieved a remarkable 55% increase in TAIEX events compared to 2021, thanks to utilizing virtual and hybrid practices honed during the pandemic.

Over 150 TAIEX events supported the implementation of EU Economic and Investment Plans in the neighbourhood and enlargement regions. For instance, in November 2022, officials from Morocco visited peers in Portugal to exchange policy insights on renewable energy and energy efficiency. Also, TAIEX experts from France and Italy worked with Kosovo's rail regulators to harmonise certification to promote safe and interoperable rail traffic and boost connectivity in the Western Balkans. Our world-leading technical assistance, coupled with EU investments in the green and digital transition, improves the business environment and encourages and boosts trade, growth, and job creation. It also illustrates the EU's transformative effect.

More than 120 ongoing Twinning projects in 2022 provided comprehensive reform support to our partners. In Montenegro, Twinning supported the alignment of national legislation with EU customs regulations. In Bosnia and Herzegovina, Twinning assisted the upgrade of the statistics collection system. And in Serbia, it contributed to improved border and migration management in line with EU standards.

These are just a few examples of the crucial medium- to long-term cooperation that Twinning enables. To date, EU Member States' institutions delivered over 2800 Twinning projects. As Twinning celebrates its 25th anniversary, we remain steadfast in our mission to help partner countries achieve tangible results and build stronger ties with EU Member States.

Olivér Várhelyi
European Commissioner for Neighbourhood and Enlargement

Part 1 - EU institution building instruments: TAIEX & Twinning


TAIEX & Twinning in brief


  • TAIEX – Technical Assistance and Information Exchange instrument – offers peer-to-peer technical assistance and policy support from public experts in EU Member States to beneficiaries across the world, including support to EU Member States in structural reforms and improving regional and environmental policies.
  • The instrument targets primarily public administrations, but also judiciary and law enforcement authorities, parliamentary administrations, representatives of social partners, trade unions and employers’ associations.
  • TAIEX activities can trigger further cooperation with the EU or they can complement an existing activity by adding a peer learning dimension.
  • TAIEX assistance can be requested either by beneficiaries (classic) or EU services (strategic).
  • TAIEX activities are short in duration (1-5 days).


  • Twinning is a policy-driven instrument supporting institutional cooperation between public administrations in EU Member States and partner countries.
  • It brings together public sector expertise in order to achieve concrete and operational results through peer-to-peer exchanges.
  • Twinning relies on a network of stakeholders in EU Member States, partner countries and EU Delegations.
  • The instrument is funded as a grant from the EU budget and jointly implemented by Member States and administrations in partner countries.
  • Medium to long term projects (up to 3 years).

TAIEX & Twinning reach in 2022

Part 2 - Spotlight on TAIEX: rapid response & tailored expertise for global challenges


TAIEX is a peer-to-peer institution building instrument mobilising public sector experts from EU Member States to support public administrations around the world. TAIEX delivers tailor-made expertise to address issues at short notice through workshops, expert missions, study visits, and work from home.

TAIEX numbers in 2022

790 events
Experts from the EU were mobilised 2860 times through TAIEX
18 412 participants
95% of participants rated TAIEX experts as excellent or good

Part 3 - Spotlight on Twinning: nurturing global bonds & expertise sharing


Twinning is a medium- to long-term institution building instrument widely used for cooperation between EU Member States and partner countries.

By bringing experts from EU Member States’ institutions for up to three years, Twinning provides comprehensive support to reforms and creates durable bonds between public administrations. What is exclusive about Twinning is that it mobilises practitioners who have a unique understanding of the challenges related to their policies’ enforcement.

At the heart of Twinning are the EU Member States and their institutions. In 2022, 23 out of 27 Member States were involved in Twinning either as a leader or a junior partner.

63% of all Twinning projects were implemented by more than one Member State. France, Lithuania, Italy and Germany were the Member States participating in the largest number of projects.


Part 4: The Institution Building Community


Combining online, in-person and hybrid meetings made TAIEX and Twinning assistance even more flexible and accessible, but also more resilient and fit for the future. With public administrations everywhere looking for solutions to persistent security, environmental and economic challenges, TAIEX and Twinning are uniquely suited to respond to this demand in Europe as well as globally.

As we look ahead, knowing that public sector expertise will continue to grow in importance, TAIEX and Twinning teams would like to thank you for your support and hear from you about how to further improve the instruments. We remain open to your feedback at