The Commission welcomes the political agreement reached today between the European Parliament and the Council on a Regulation to set up a Ukraine Facility, proposed by the Commission in June 2023.
Ursula von der Leyen, President of the European Commission, said: “Europe will be at Ukraine's side for every single day of the war, and for every single day thereafter. The political agreement on the €50 billion Ukraine Facility is a major step forward. Europe is true to its word. We will continue to deliver much-needed funding and predictability for our brave partner and aspiring member. We aim to make the first payment in March.”
The new Ukraine Facility will provide stable and sustainable financing to support Ukraine's recovery, reconstruction, and modernisation, including key reforms necessary on its EU accession track. The overall amount of the Facility for the period of 2024-2027 is €50 billion. This amount is composed of €17 billion in grants and €33 billion in loans.
The Ukraine Facility is structured in three pillars:
- Direct support to the State budget based on a plan to be developed by Ukraine for the recovery, reconstruction and modernisation of the country, including a set of related reforms and investments.
- An investment framework to attract public and private investment for Ukraine's recovery and reconstruction, composed of guarantees and blended finance (a mix of loans and EU grants).
- Technical assistance and other support measures to the reforms, as well as grants covering the borrowing costs of loans to the Government of Ukraine.
It will be equipped with a robust framework for audit and control, to ensure the protection of EU financial interests, while at the same time supporting the further improvement of Ukraine's system of internal controls as part of the reforms under the plan.
Today's political agreement also paves the way for the so-called ‘exceptional bridge financing', under the Facility and This means immediate support of up to €1.5 billion per month for a limited period, while the other elements of the Facility are being put in place such as the Ukraine Plan or the establishment of the Audit Board. First payments under the Facility can take place very soon after its entry into force, expected as early as March. This crucial support will ensure that Ukraine can continue focusing efforts on winning the war and will finance the functioning of the state, such as paying salaries, pensions, and providing basic public services.
To finance the loan support, the European Union will raise €33 billion on the financial market until end of 2027 by issuing EU Bonds under the unified funding strategy. This financing is backed by the headroom of the EU budget. The amounts needed will be accommodated within the EU's debt issuance programme over this period.
The non-repayable support will be financed through the EU annual budget under a new special instrument, the “Ukraine Reserve”, over and above the MFF expenditure ceiling. This instrument will be mobilised every year in the context of the annual budgetary procedure to best take into account progress in implementation of EU assistance and reforms and possible evolving needs, depending on the evolution of situation on the ground.
The political agreement reached, which follows the agreement on the extraordinary European Council on 1 February on the Ukraine Facility, is now subject to formal approval by the European Parliament and the Council. The regulation of the Ukraine Facility will entry into force the day after its publication in the Official Journal.
The European Union has demonstrated unprecedented unity in condemning Russia's actions and in providing support to Ukraine. So far, the EU, its Member States and European financial institutions have together provided wide-ranging support to Ukraine and its people, amounting to over €88 billion. This includes support to EU Member States that have provided temporary protection for around 4 million Ukrainian refugees since the start of the war. Together, this reflects the steadfast resolve of the Union to help Ukraine for as long as it takes.
For More Information
Factsheet: EU solidarity with Ukraine
Europe will be at Ukraine’s side for every single day of the war, and for every single day thereafter. The political agreement on the €50 billion Ukraine Facility is a major step forward. Europe is true to its word. We will continue to deliver much-needed funding and predictability for our brave partner and aspiring member. We aim to make the first payment in March.
Ursula von der Leyen, President of the European Commission
With this agreement, the European Union is delivering on its promise to support Ukraine, by providing access to much-needed financing of up to €50 billion over the next four years. The Ukraine Facility will enable support to be tailored to an evolving situation, while conditions tied to the disbursement of funds will keep progress on track. We will continue to play a strong role in Ukraine’s recovery and reconstruction, which must be linked to the implementation of reforms consistent with Ukraine’s European path.
Olivér Várhelyi, Commissioner for Neighbourhood and Enlargement
- Publication date
- 6 February 2024
- Directorate-General for Neighbourhood and Enlargement Negotiations