Please note that in September 2017 the Neighbourhood Investment Facility became an integral part of the European Fund for Sustainable Development (EFSD) as the Neighbourhood Investment Platform (NIP). The EFSD is the first pillar of the EU’s External Investment Plan.
What is the NIP?
Officially launched in 2008 as the Neighbourhood Investment Facility (NIF), the Neighbourhood Investment Platform (NIP) is a mechanism aimed at mobilising additional funding to finance capital-intensive infrastructure projects in EU partner countries covered by the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) in sectors such as transport, energy, environment and social development. The NIP also supports the private sector, mainly through investment grants and risk capital operations targeting small and medium-sized enterprises.
It does so by pooling grant resources from the EU budget and the EU Member States and using them to leverage loans from European Financial Institutions as well as contributions from the ENP partner countries themselves.
In this way, the European Union backs its neighbours' priorities and supports them in carrying out key investments and boosting economic development. This is expected to have a significant positive impact on their population as well as on European citizens given our common interests in stability and welfare.
By pooling different resources, the NIP plays a key role in donor coordination and increasing aid effectiveness in accordance with the Paris Declaration and the Accra Agenda for Action.
In addition, the NIP supports the implementation of regional and multilateral processes, in particular the Union for the Mediterranean, the Southern Mediterranean Investment Coordination Initiative, the Eastern Partnership and the Black Sea Synergy.
Between 2008 and 2018, a grand total of 156 projects have received final approval for NIP support. Funding comes mainly from the EU budget and is complemented by direct contributions from Member States which are kept in a trust fund managed by the European Investment Bank. The total amount of NIP support allocated to projects over this period comes to €2.320 billion, mobilising more than €21 billion provided by (publicly owned) Development Financial Institutions (DFIs), typically European or majority-owned by the EU and its Member States, and leveraging a total funding volume of more than €38 billion.
A mid-term evaluation of the NIP was concluded in May 2013, covering the period from 2008 until 2011.
NIP-supported projects operate in the following Neighbourhood partner countries:
- Eastern Neighbourhood region: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Republic of Moldova, Ukraine as well as regional east-wide projects.
- Southern Neighbourhood region: Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Palestine* , Tunisia as well as regional south-wide projects.
How the NIP operates
To benefit from the NIP, projects have to be developed by eligible EFIs, and - if bilateral - in cooperation with the partner country and the EU Delegation in the country. The Lead Financial Institutions then present the NIP grant requests to the NIP Board for approval. The NIP Board is chaired by the European Commission and composed of representatives of the European Commission, the European External Action Service, the EU Member States as voting members, and the DFIs as observers. Its opinion is subject to a subsequent financing decision by the European Commission, if the funding will come from the EU budget, and is final if the project is to be funded from the NIP Trust Fund.
The following European Development Finance Institutions are recognised by the NIP Board as "eligible", which means that they have signed the respective NIP Framework Arrangement:
- European Investment Bank (EIB)
- European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD)
- Council of Europe Development Bank (CEB)
- Nordic Environment Finance Corporation (NEFCO)
- Nordic Investment Bank (NIB)
- Agence Française de Développement (AFD)
- Kreditanstalt für Wiederaufbau (KfW)
- Oesterreichische Entwicklungsbank AG (OeEB)
- Società Italiana per le Imprese all'Estero (SIMEST)
- Sociedade para o Financiamento do Desenvolvimento (SOFID)
- Agencia Española de Cooperación Internacional para el Desarrollo (AECID)
The Secretariat of the NIP is in charge of organising the NIP Board meetings and of implementing its decisions. It is located within the European Commission, Directorate General for Neighbourhood and Enlargement Negotiations, Unit A3.
A project data base is available in the Operational Annual Report.
The NIP Strategic Orientation 2014 – 2020 provide the policy framework for NIP operations in the coming years.
The NIP annual/multiannual reports give an overview of all operations approved since 2008:
- EIP Operational Annual Report 2019
- EIP Operational Annual Report 2018
- EIP Operational Annual Report 2017
- Annual Activity Report 2016
- Annual Activity Report 2015
- Annual Activity Report 2014
- Operational Annual Report 2013
- Activity Report 2008 - 2012
In case you should require additional information do not hesitate to NEAR-NIPec [dot] europa [dot] eu (contact us).
- External Investment Plan | What we've done so far
- DG INTPA - EU Neighbourhood Region and Russia
- EEAS - European Neighbourhood Policy
*This designation shall not be construed as recognition of a State of Palestine and is without prejudice to the individual positions of the Member States on this issue.