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European Neighbourhood Policy and Enlargement Negotiations

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EU and Algeria

The European Union and Algeria have a long-standing partnership of which the Association Agreement, which entered into force in 2005, represents the legal basis.

The EU and Algeria adopted on 13 March 2017 new Partnership Priorities in the framework of the renewed European Neighbourhood Policy. Together with the joint assessment of the implementation of the Association Agreement, also adopted in March 2017, the Partnership Priorities identify the joint areas of cooperation and guide the dialogue of the EU and its Member States with Algeria. These Partnership Priorities have been extended in 2021, as the negotiations around the new Partnership Priorities are ongoing. The EU and Algeria entertain also a high-level dialogue on energy and security sectors as well as an informal dialogue on migration.

Bilateral cooperation

The European Neighbourhood Instrument (ENI) was the key EU financing instrument for bilateral cooperation in Algeria for the period 2014-2020. The new Neighbourhood, Development and International Cooperation Instrument (NDICI) will frame the EU’s cooperation for the period 2021-2027. The instrument’s approach includes grant funding as well as blending grants  with loans from European and International Financing Institutions.

Under the ENI, bilateral assistance followed multiannual programming through the Single Support Framework which defineed the areas of focus for EU assistance, in line with the Partnership Priorities.  

For the period 2014-2020, the EU's bilateral assistance to Algeria under the ENI amounted to €241,3 million, focusing on the three following priority sectors:

  • Economic governance and support to diversification of the economy;
  • Territorial development and participatory democracy;
  • Energy, environment and climate action.

Complementary support for the development of expertise in public administration at central and local level, and of civil society organisations was also provided outside these priority sectors.

On 9 February 2021, the European Commission adopted a Joint Communication on the renewed partnership with the Southern Neighbourhood, establishing a new Agenda for the Mediterranean to relaunch and reinforce the EU’s partnership with the region. It will guide EU policy and programming towards the country for the coming years. The Joint Communication is accompanied by an Economic and Investment Plan for the Southern Neighbours to ensure amongst others that the quality of life for people in the region improves and the economic recovery, including following the COVID-19 pandemic, leaves no one behind. The Plan includes 12 preliminary flagship initiatives to strengthen resilience, build prosperity and increase trade and investment to support competitiveness and inclusive growth. Relevant flagships for Algeria will include (1) support to a green and circular economy protecting the environment and the sustainable use of natural resources, (2) support to Algeria’s efforts to optimise energy efficiency and exploit potential of renewable energy.


Regional cooperation

In addition to bilateral cooperation, Algeria benefited from  regional and Neighbourhood-wide cooperation programmes under the ENI, which mostly replicated the thematic focus of the EU’s bilateral cooperation with the country. Regional programmes involving Algeria deal with economic diversification and energy transition, as well as the sustainable use of natural resources (e.g. in agriculture)  and social aspects such as youth and women’s empowerment and media development.

Under the EU twinning tool, the Algerian public administration is partnering with European administrations for mutual learning and capacity building through sharing of EU best practices. Algeria benefitted from 26 twinning projects in 2014-2020 in the sectors of Agriculture and Fisheries, Environment, Finance, Internal market and economy, Justice and home affairs, Nuclear safety, Energy, Social affairs and Employment, Standardisation and certification, Trade and Industry, Telecommunications and Transport. Algeria also benefited from TAIEX  (Technical Assistance and Information Exchange instrument) that supports public administration reforms with 61 events in 2015-2020. Support in the field of migration under the EU Emergency Trust Fund for Africa (EUTF Africa)

Algeria benefits from bilateral and regional funding currently amounting to €8.9 million under the North of Africa window of the EUTF Africa, which supports efforts in enhancing migration management, addressing the roots causes of irregular migration and sustaining local communities hosting refugees.

Other financing instruments

The EU has mobilised significant humanitarian assistance notably to the Sahrawi camps in Southwest Algeria (Tindouf province), mainly in the form of food, water and medicines.

Algeria participates in Erasmus+ which supports the modernisation of the higher education sector and promotes mobility and co-operation with EU higher education institutions.  2,877 Algerian students, professors and university staff travelled to Europe and 1,208 European counterparts travelled to Egypt between 2015 and 2020.

Algeria also benefits from additional EU thematic programmes and instruments:

Further information

Factsheets available to download

Key documents

For specific information (programme level), see below