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European Neighbourhood Policy and Enlargement Negotiations (DG NEAR)

Support for Ukraine

Application for EU membership

On 28 February 2022, Ukraine sent its application for EU membership. On 17 June 2022, the European Commission presented its Opinions on the application for EU membership submitted by Ukraine, Georgia and the Republic of Moldova.

Based on the Commission’s opinion on the country’s application for EU membership, Ukraine was given a European perspective and granted candidate status on 23 June 2022 by unanimous agreement between the leaders of all 27 EU Member States. Candidate status was granted on the understanding that Ukraine take some key steps. The Commission will monitor their progress in fulfilling these steps and report on them, as part of its regular enlargement package.

Solidarity with Ukrainian people

Almost eight years after the beginning of the conflict in eastern Ukraine and the illegal annexation of Crimea, Russia launched on 24 February 2022 a large-scale military invasion of the whole country. The destruction and suffering is already devastating. Over 8 million people have fled to neighbouring countries and there are 6.6 million internal displaced persons within the country (as of 10 August). Ukraine is bravely fighting for the survival of its democracy and national sovereignty.

The European Union and its partners are doing their outmost to help Ukraine and the last weeks have seen high levels of support and unprecedented political decisions. The EU has reacted swiftly, adopting four sets of unprecedented sanctions against Putin’s regime, and its collaborator, the Lukashenko regime.

Since the Russian aggression started, the EU, Member States and European Financial Institutions have mobilised around €9.5 billion to support Ukraine's overall economic, social and financial resilience in the form of macro-financial assistance, budget support, emergency assistance, crisis response and humanitarian aid. €2.5 billion so far have been dedicated to military aid provided under the European Peace Facility. Moreover the EU has provided in-kind assistance worth €425 million under the Union Civil Protection Mechanism.

As part of the EU solidarity response with Ukraine, the European Commission proposed on 12 May to suspend for one year import duties on all Ukrainian exports to the EU as well as to establish ‘Solidarity Lanes’ to help Ukrainian grain and other agricultural goods to reach their destinations through alternative routes to the Black Sea ports blocked by the Russian navy, using all relevant transport modes through EU Member States. It should also ensure that Ukraine could import goods of first necessity (such as humanitarian aid, food, animal feed, fertilizers, fuel). The EU’s Solidarity Lanes have helped Ukraine export 10.9 million tonnes of cereals, oilseeds and other related products until now.

EU Member States and their citizens are showing impressive solidarity with the Ukrainian people. Each of us can contribute to support Ukraine and its citizens to face the destructions of war and displacement. Should you have any questions on how you can support Ukraine or what the EU is doing to help Ukraine, please contact us:

What we do

Together with the EU Delegation to Ukraine we have been working relentlessly to coordinate support for Ukraine and rapidly mobilise emergency assistance to the country (apart from humanitarian aid and aid through the Union Civil Protection Mechanism):

  a) By Re-purposing of ongoing projects

The EU Delegation to Ukraine is fully operational. It is currently re-purposing up to €200 million worth of ongoing projects to deliver emergency assistance to meet pressing needs of the Ukrainian population and authorities.

  b) €120 million State and Resilience Building Contract (SRBC) – Budget Support

As part of an emergency package for Ukraine announced on 24 January 2022, a €120 million grant in the form of a State and Resilience Building Contract was approved by the European Commission on 17 March. During her visit to Ukraine on 8 April, President von der Leyen announced the full disbursement of the €120 million grant. The programme aims at strengthening civilian crisis preparedness and management at both central and local levels, an area of utmost importance for Ukraine at present. This will contribute to continue addressing existing vulnerabilities against crises affecting the society as a whole, as well as critical infrastructure, including the transport network, information and communication systems.

  c) Emergency support programme of €330 million

Assistance to Internally Displaced Persons and host communities will be the core part of the programme - housing and social services (around €200 million). Focus will be also placed on the rehabilitation of critical infrastructure, including possibly energy equipment; support to digital and cybersecurity is also foreseen. The program will also support to independent media and civil society.

Further information

Factsheets available to download

EU Neighbours East

EU solidarity with Ukraine

Photo gallery

For specific information (programme level), see below