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European Neighbourhood Policy and Enlargement Negotiations
News article13 August 2022Directorate-General for Neighbourhood and Enlargement Negotiations

Georgia: EU annual report notes some progress in Association Agreement implementation, while highlighting the need for further inclusive reforms

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Ahead of the next EU-Georgia Association Council on 6 September 2022, the European Union published its annual Association Implementation Report on Georgia on Friday. The report reviews Georgia's implementation of reforms under the EU-Georgia Association Agreement over the past year.

“Georgia continued its reform path under difficult circumstances, against the background of its socio-economic recovery from COVID-19, a tense political environment and Russia’s war of aggression against Ukraine. However, we have seen setbacks in the key areas of rule of law, governance and human rights. As Georgia embarks on the new phase of its relations with the EU, with its European perspective, Georgia needs to take a responsible and conscientious approach that matches its stated objectives and its citizens’ aspirations”, said High Representative/Vice-President Borrell. He also stressed that the EU remained strongly supportive of Georgia’s sovereignty and territorial integrity within its internationally recognised borders.

Commissioner for Neighbourhood and Enlargement, Olivér Várhelyi, added: “Following the decision by the European Council to grant Georgia EU membership perspective and its readiness to grant candidate status once the priorities identified in the Commission Opinion are addressed, the ball is now in Georgia’s court. A serious commitment to democratic consolidation, judicial reforms, strengthening the rule of law as well as fight against corruption and organised crime will be key. The European Union will continue to support Georgia in efforts to address these priorities. We will also continue to support the economic development and recovery of the country though the Economic and Investment Plan for the Eastern Partnership.

Key findings

The latest report, prepared by the European External Action Service and the European Commission services, shows that the EU-Georgia Association Agreement has continued to be a driver for reforms. Overall, the process of aligning national law with EU law as part of the Association Agreement including Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area is well on track and progressing. An inclusive and green growth remained central for EU-Georgia cooperation. In 2021, the EU continued its COVID-19-related assistance, and boosted a strong and sustainable socio-economic recovery, laying the ground for the implementation of the Eastern Partnership economic and investment plan.

However, in 2021, challenges threatened to undermine the country’s democratic foundations and there were setbacks with regard to the rule of law. This demonstrates the need for a renewed and serious commitment to democratic consolidation, judicial reforms, and action to reduce political polarisation and to strengthen the rule of law and to guarantee a professional and pluralistic and independent media environment. These are essential priorities for Georgia to advance on its European path.

The EU continued to support Georgia's sovereignty and territorial integrity within its internationally recognised borders, including by continuing the efforts of the EU Special Representative, its engagement as co-chair in the Geneva International Discussions and the sustained presence on the ground of the EU Monitoring Mission. The EU further stepped up its support to Georgia’s resilience, including through the European Peace Facility. Moreover, in 2021, a good basis has been laid together with European Financial Institutions and Georgian government counterparts to materialise the flagship projects for Georgia under the Economic and Investment Plan for Eastern Partnership.

Background

The Association Agreement between the EU and Georgia, including a Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area, entered fully into force 1 Jul 2016. It promotes deeper political ties, stronger economic links and respect for common values, and is the basis for EU-Georgia cooperation and EU support for reforms in Georgia. The adoption of the EU-Georgia Association Agenda for 2021-2027 by the EU-Georgia Association Council is imminent.

On 3 March 2022, Georgia submitted its application for EU Membership. The European Commission adopted its Opinion on 17 June, recommending the European Council to grant a European perspective to Georgia. The Commission also recommended that Georgia be granted candidate status once a number of priorities specified in the Commission’s Opinion have been addressed. On 23 June 2022, the European Council endorsed this recommendation. It recognised the European perspective of Georgia and expressed readiness to grant candidate status once the priorities are addressed. The European Commission will report on the implementation of the priorities as part of the enlargement package from 2023 onwards. In addition, by the end of 2022, the Commission will present its assessment on the ability of Georgia to take on and implement effectively the obligations of membership.

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