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These activities provide the Commission with hard evidence about how actions (projects/programmes) are implemented, to improve their design, efficiency and accountability.

Monitoring

Monitoring uses systematic collection of data on specified indicators to provide the management and the main stakeholders of an on-going intervention with indications of the extent of progress and achievement of objectives and progress in the use of allocated funds (OECD).

It can be internal (performed by Commission staff or implementing partners, such as agency’s staff, government’s personnel, other donors, non-state actors (private sector companies, NGOs, etc.)) or external (Results Oriented Monitoring).

Internal monitoring includes:

  • analysing action's reporting documents & data
  • attending action's steeringcommittee meetings & reviews of budget support operations
  • meetings/contacts with the action's team, beneficiaries, authorities, other stakeholders
  • on the spot checks

External monitoring (ROM)

This provides an independent view and focuses on problematic actions pinpointed by operational managers in their annual risk assessment exercise. It consists of a quick review, based on standard criteria, designed to give a brief snapshot of the quality of a project/programme and recommendations for EUDs/HQ services on how to improve it.

More on external monitoring

Evaluation

Systematic and objective assessment of on-going or completed interventions (actions/policies), their design, implementation and resultsaccording to the following criteria: relevance, effectiveness, efficiency, sustainability, impact, coherence and EU added-value.

It assesses how well a specific measure has worked (or is working) and whether it is still justified or should be changed.

More on evaluation

Evaluation plan

Evaluations are planned on a multi-annual basis. DG NEAR updates this plan every year.

Strategic evaluations

These are launched by DG NEAR's Thematic Support, Monitoring and Evaluation Unit. They assess EU support, over a significant time period, looking at specific sectors/themes, country support, aid modalities, financial instruments. They help understand why, in a specific context, the policy dialogue and financial assistance have been successful or not, and provide recommendations to decision-makers for the future programming and implementation.

To ensure objectivity, DG NEAR's Thematic Support, Monitoring and Evaluation Unit usually contracts independent experts and supervises their work (with the help of a steering committee), to ensure that they apply a robust methodology in a transparent way and deliver high quality products.

Actions (project/programmes) evaluations

These are launched by the Delegation or the HQ operational unit in charge of the action and provide an in-depth understanding of the action's performance and lessons learned for the future.

Strategic evaluations – 2006 - 2019

  • Evaluation of EU cooperation with North Macedonia
  • Evaluation of EU cooperation with Georgia
  • Evaluation of EU support to climate change and environment
  • Evaluation of EU cooperation with the UN
  • Evaluation of the TAIEX instrument
  • Thematic Evaluation of Rule of Law, Judicial Reform and Fight against Corruption and Organised Crime in the Western Balkans
  • IPA - interim evaluation and meta evaluation of IPA assistance
  • IPA - interim evaluation and meta evaluation of IPA assistance - Evaluation of Multi Beneficiary Programmes
  • IPA - interim evaluation and meta evaluation of IPA assistance –Country report Serbia
  • IPA - interim evaluation and meta evaluation of IPA assistance –Country report Montenegro
  • IPA - interim evaluation and meta evaluation of IPA assistance –Country report Kosovo*
  • IPA - interim evaluation and meta evaluation of IPA assistance –Country report Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • IPA - interim evaluation and meta evaluation of IPA assistance –Country report Albania
  • Ex-post evaluations of CARDS programmes in the Western Balkans
  • Thematic evaluation of EU's support to civil society in the Western Balkans and Turkey
  • Strategic/Interim evaluation of support for improvement in governance and management (SIGMA) programme
  • Evaluation of governance, rule of law, judiciary reform and fight against corruption and organised crime in the Western Balkans'
  • Thematic evaluation on judiciary and fundamental rights in Turkey
  • Strategic/ interim evaluation of EU IPA Pre-Accession Assistance in Montenegro
  • Strategic/Interim Evaluation of EU IPA Pre-Accession Assistance to Albania
  • Strategic / Interim Evaluation of EU IPA Pre-Accession Assistance to Kosovo*
  • Strategic / Interim Evaluation of EU IPA Pre-Accession Assistance to Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Strategic/ interim evaluation of EU IPA Pre-Accession to Serbia
  • Ad Hoc Interim Evaluation of the European Union Pre Accession Assistance: Review of Phare Assistance to Preparation for Structural Funds in Croatia
  • Evaluation of the CARDS Programmes – Country: Montenegro – Sectors: Public Administration Re-form, Justice and Civil Society Development
  • Retrospective Evaluation of the CARDS Programmes - Country: Kosovo* -Sectors: Justice, Energy, Economic development and Rural development
  • Retrospective evaluation of CARDS programmes in the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
  • Retrospective evaluation of CARDS programmes in Serbia
  • Thematic Interim Evaluation of the European Union Pre-Accession Assistance - Review of Twinning in Croatia
  • Ad-hoc evaluation of the CARDS regional programmes in the Western Balkans
  • Ad Hoc Evaluation of the CARDS Programme - Country: Bosnia and Herzegovina -Sectors : Democratic Stabilisation, Good Governance, Economic and Social Development
  • Ad Hoc Evaluation of the CARDS Programmes – Country: Albania – Sectors: Justice and Home Affairs, Administrative Capacity, Building Economic and Social Development, Environment and Natural Resources, Civil Society Development
  • Ex-post evaluation of Phare support allocated between 1999-2001, with a brief review of post-2001 allocations
  • Phare Ex post Evaluation - Phase 2, National Programmes: Bulgaria
  • Phare Ex Post Evaluation - Phase 1, Multi- Beneficiary Programmes: Sigma
  • Phare Ex Post Evaluation - Phase 1, Multi-Beneficiary Programmes: TAIEX
  • Phare Ex post Evaluation - Phase 1, Multi-Beneficiary Programmes: Small and Medium-Sized Enterprise Finance Facility
  • Phare Ex Post Evaluation - Phase 3, Thematic Evaluation: Environment
  • Phare Ex Post Evaluation - Phase 3, Thematic Evaluations – Cross-Border Cooperation
  • Phare Ex Post Evaluation - Phase 2, National and CBC Programmes: The Czech Republic
  • Phare Ex Post Evaluation - Phase 2, National and CBC Programmes: Lithuania

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